Bioinformatics Approaches for Biocontrol of Foot-and-Mouth Disease


Show simple item record Hassan, Ahmad 2020-12-07T14:53:44Z 2020-12-07T14:53:44Z 2020
dc.identifier.citation Hassan, Ahmad.(2020).Bioinformatics Approaches for Biocontrol of Foot-and-Mouth Disease.(unpublished master's thesis).misr university for science and technology. en_US
dc.description.abstract Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD), is an acute highly contagious viral disease that can infect cloven-hooved animals such as cattle, buffaloes, pigs, and sheep. The disease can cause a drop in meat and milk production and high mortality rates among young animals, causing severe economic losses according to the World Organization for Animal Health. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV), which is the causative agent of this disease is highly mutable and includes seven serotypes (A, O, C, Asia1, SAT1, SAT2, and SAT3) and several subtypes. No specific treatment against FMDV is available, and only symptomatic treatment can be performed. Moreover, available vaccination programs against FMDV cannot prevent infection or virus replication. Therefore, this study aims to use computational and bioinformatics approaches to develop a specific antiviral drug against FMDV. The FMDV genome and polyprotein were scanned, and three viral proteins that are indispensable to the FMDV life cycle were chosen to be targeted by competitive inhibition strategy. The three viral targeted proteins are RNA Dependent RNA Polymerase (RdRP_1), Peptidase_C3, and L-pro. In this study, sequence and evolutionary analysis were carried out on the three viral enzymes. Accurate 3D models of the three viral proteins were predicted and validated. The predicted models were docked against 623 compounds stored at the South African natural compound database. The docking identified three compounds with IDs: SANC00257, SANC00380, and SANC00585, that can act as ii potential inhibitors against the three FMDV proteins and consequently used as specific antiviral drugs against FMDV. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) en_US
dc.subject Antiviral drug en_US
dc.subject Competitive inhibition en_US
dc.subject Protein structure prediction en_US
dc.subject Molecular docking en_US
dc.title Bioinformatics Approaches for Biocontrol of Foot-and-Mouth Disease en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search MDAR

Advanced Search


My Account